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Transfer window grades: Tracking every big signing from Europe's top clubs

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How Juventus won the race for Matthijs de Ligt (1:28)

Julien Laurens believes Juventus got a "good deal" for Matthijs de Ligt when compared with the fees touted for other defenders this transfer window. (1:28)

Welcome to summer transfer window, now open for all clubs in Europe. We are grading the most notable signings below from the top teams, so come back throughout the month for updates as deals are completed.

The most recent grades and write-ups are at the top, with July 1 marking the date when the moves from Europe's offseason are officially complete. Each day is in order of highest price.

If you don't see a grade for a deal that has been completed, check back later.

- How Man United can replace Lukaku, Pogba
- Transfer To-Do lists for Europe's elite
- Marcotti: Anatomy of a transfer story

July 18

MATTHIJS DE LIGT, €75m ($84m)
Ajax grade: A
Juventus grade: A+

World-class defenders don't come around every week, especially ones who are only 19 years old. Every club in Europe has been chasing De Ligt's signature, and Juventus did incredibly well to seal the deal given it looked a foregone conclusion that he would join ex-Ajax teammate Frenkie de Jong at Barcelona this summer.

Agent Cristiano Ronaldo clearly had an impact, but Juve have landed themselves a class act and ensured that their defence is covered for the next decade at least. Ajax didn't want to sell their captain, leader and best player, but €75m will go a long way to finding a replacement (set to be Club America defender and Mexico international Edson Alvarez).

MARIO HERMOSO, €25m ($28m)
Espanyol grade: B
Atletico Madrid grade: B+

Having grown through the ranks at Real Madrid, it will be interesting to see how the 24-year-old is received by the Atletico faithful. He only joined Espanyol from Real Madrid in 2017 and is now on his way back to the Spanish capital, albeit the other side, with the deal complicated by the fact Real still owned 50% of his rights.

Atletico have been busy this summer already (see below) but €25m for a young Spain international with bags of potential and versatility is a good deal. They played hardball to lower Espanyol's asking price of €35m and he should be a fine addition.

July 17

KIERAN TRIPPIER, €25m (£22m/$28m)
Tottenham grade: B
Atletico Madrid grade: C+

This certainly takes the prize for being one of the strangest transfers of the window. The 28-year-old England right-back probably would have commanded a fee double what Atletico have paid after the 2018 World Cup, but last season saw his performances plummet back to being average again.

If Diego Simeone reckons he can get Trippier playing like he did in Russia again, then this could be a bargain. But English players have historically struggled in Spain, and he seems an odd fit.

Tottenham cut their losses a bit and made a healthy profit, having only signed him for £3.5m in 2015, though unless they have a plan to replace him, the unpredictable Serge Aurier or the inexperienced Kyle Walker-Peters will be sharing the right-back duties next season.

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How will Trippier fit into Atletico Madrid's rebuild?

Shaka Hislop says the challenge for full-back Keiran Trippier at new club Atletico Madrid will be keeping his defensive concentration in Deigo Simeone's system.

JULY 16

ABDOU DIALLO, €32m ($35.9m)

Dortmund grade: C+
PSG grade: B+

By all accounts, the versatile defender was a slow starter at Monaco and really only caught the eye when he joined Mainz in 2017. One excellent year there persuaded Dortmund to spend €28m on him, but another year later they have let him go for a small profit of €4m.

Dortmund may have almost paid for the return of Mats Hummels with the deal, but they lost a 23-year-old who could become one of Europe's finest and ticks a lot of boxes in terms of versatility, leadership, maturity and skill. Able to slot in at left-back or centre-back, PSG's defence is certainly stronger with him in the squad, though he may have to bide his time before he gets a full run in the first XI.

JULY 15

FABIAN DELPH, £10m ($12.4m)

Man City grade: C+
Everton grade: A

Will Manchester City come to regret this one when the season reaches its climax? Delph has filled in admirably across midfield and defence and his experience has been key to the City dressing room amid their incredible success in recent years.

Ok, City have Rodri and Angelino in the side now, so perhaps his impact wouldn't have been felt quite as much, but £10m still feels like a cheap deal for a 29-year-old England international with plenty of versatility.

Delph is hungry, has a desire to play more and should become a key component of the Everton side. If he can help bring some consistency to a side who should be challenging for Europe, then he will have been worth every penny.

JULY 12

ANTOINE GRIEZMANN, €120m (£107.5m/$135m)

Atletico Madrid grade: B+
Barcelona grade: A

This one has all been a bit messy since Griezmann almost moved in 2017, eventually revealed his 'Decision' to stay via a documentary-verging-on-a-reality show in 2018, then finally revealed his public desire to quit the club this summer.

Every summer in recent years has been full of Griezmann speculation and Atletico may wonder if they would have been better off selling him a few seasons ago for a bigger fee, given all the off-pitch issues.

They lose points for letting his buyout clause drop from €200m to €120m on July 1, with Barcelona taking full advantage of that, but Joao Felix will be stellar replacement. Barca have a marquee signing who, at 28, still has a lot to give and will eventually replace Luis Suarez.

JULY 6

ALVARO MORATA, loan then €64m (£58m/$72.6m)

Chelsea grade: B
Atletico Madrid grade: B+

If Morata were joining any other club than Atletico Madrid then there would be an element of doubt about this deal. He has struggled at Chelsea and clubs would be worried about spending so much on a player who blows hot and cold.

However, Morata grew up at Atletico before heading to rivals Real and has already been on loan at the club for half a season (where he scored six goals since January). Another year on loan gives Atletico time to balance the books before they commit to the deal in July 2020, which is smart. At 26, he should just be reaching his peak too.

Chelsea could have brought him back given their transfer ban, but he wouldn't have been happy and it's been for everyone that they just move on. Having paid £60m for him in 2017, a £2m hit isn't so bad.

JULY 4

RODRI, €70m (£62.8m/$79m)
Atletico grade: B+
Man City grade: A

This signing could have been Fred, Jorginho, or perhaps even Frenkie de Jong over recent years as City have tried hard to find a long-term replacement for Fernandinho in defensive midfield.

Now they have a 23-year-old with incredible potential and some strong experience behind him at Atletico, whose style of play has been likened to Barcelona's Sergio Busquets.

Incredibly, despite all the top players City have signed before, £62.8m (just about) breaks their previous transfer record. He's not a superstar that will sell shirts but, like Fernandinho before him, could be the most important for the team.

Atletico will rue losing one of their best young players for such a modest release clause in today's market, which is why we mark them down. But they will no doubt reinvest wisely.

ANDER HERRERA, Free
Man United grade: C
PSG grade: B

PSG manager Thomas Tuchel had been vocal about his desire for a new "No.4" midfielder and, after failing to land Frenkie de Jong, his preferred target was Dortmund's Julian Weigl. However, with the arrival of Pablo Sarabia countering the loss of Adrien Rabiot to Juventus, PSG's midfield now looks pretty strong.

If PSG were priced out of a move for Weigl, Herrera's free transfer is good business. It's just not the business they really, really wanted. And handing a five-year contract to a near-30-year-old is just silly.

United will also reinforce and move on, as Herrera clearly wasn't what they wanted. But they will miss his industry and workrate, while they could have got a fee for him in January.

GIANLUIGI BUFFON, Free
Juventus grade: E+

We'll leave PSG out of this given that they had no desire to extend Buffon's stay in Paris, but the 41-year-old returning to Juve to play as backup to Wojciech Szczesny is an odd one. On first look, it seems a deal done purely on emotion and not with the team in mind, but it's likely about adding a powerful Juve presence in the dressing room once more to help the new players bed in.

When Buffon left Juve last summer for a new challenge, after 17 years at the club, he was given a wonderful send-off and tributes galore. But this still feels wrong. Juve should have moved on, but instead the promising Mattia Perin is likely to leave and Buffon is going to spend his remaining playing day sitting on the bench.

JULY 3

JOAO FELIX, €126m (£112m, $142m)
Benfica grade: A+
Atletico Madrid grade: A+

When the moniker "the new Cristiano Ronaldo" has followed you around for a year, you know the transfer fee is going to be high.

The 19-year-old forward set the Portuguese league alight with his dribbling and vision last season and comparisons to CR7 seem justified at this early stage of his career. Hype is a terrible thing and can wreck a young player's development but he's made a smart move to where he knows he will get guaranteed game time.

Benfica got more than his buyout clause, which is more than they could have ever asked for, while Atletico beat every top club in Europe to the signature of arguably the most impressive teenager around. Top marks to everyone!

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Will Joao Felix be able to express himself at Atletico Madrid?

Julien Laurens questions whether Joao Felix will be able to express himself at Atletico Madrid like he's done with Benfica.

JULY 2

TANGUY NDOMBELE, €62m (£55.5m/$70m)
Lyon grade: B+
Tottenham grade: A

Just like London buses, Tottenham don't make a signing for 18 months and then two come along at once. Ndombele is a real talent and Spurs fans will be delighted that a replacement for Mousa Dembele has finally arrived to strengthen their midfield.

The 22-year-old is one of Europe's top young prospects and has drawn comparisons to another French giant from north London's past: Patrick Vieira. A mix of power and skill, Ndombele should have all the tools at his disposal to be a success in the Premier League.

Lyon wanted €75m originally, but will just about have got that once the add-ons kick in. They couldn't have held out for much more and will be pleased to have landed such a big fee for a player they bought for €8m a year ago.

JACK CLARKE, £10m ($12.6m), plus loan
Leeds grade: B+
Tottenham grade: B

Forgive us while we take a minute to fully comprehend the fact this is Tottenham's first transfer in 518 days ... since Lucas Moura joined the club 18 months ago! For that alone, Spurs get a high grade for just managing to get Daniel Levy to open the purse strings, but it's also a decent deal for them.

Clarke, 18, has plenty of promise and helped Leeds reach the playoffs last season. The winger is certainly one for the future, but Spurs did well to move now and beat the competition, then loan him back to his former club to continue his development.

Leeds could have perhaps held on until next summer when his price may have gone up, but they can reinvest £10m in their squad now AND get to keep the player for another season, so it's OK for them too.

JULY 1

EDEN HAZARD, €100m (£89m/$113m)
Chelsea grade: A
Real Madrid grade: A

This deal was always going to happen, so it's impossible to split the two clubs involved as they both got a great deal. Chelsea managed to bank an initial payment of around £88.5m for a player with one year left on his contract, while they also worked out a series of bonus payments which could add another £60m to the fee.

For their part, Madrid finally have a world-class replacement for Cristiano Ronaldo and a player who, at 28, is just approaching the peak of his powers. A five-year contract means he will be 33 by the time it ends, but if he can recreate anything like the form he has shown at Stamford Bridge then the Madrid fans will be happy.

LUCAS HERNANDEZ, €80m ($90m)
Atletico Madrid grade: C+
Bayern Munich grade: A

It's been quite a 12 months for Lucas -- first a World Cup winners' medal with France and now he has become one of the most expensive defenders of all time. The 23-year-old still has plenty of time to grow and his ability to play either left-back or centre-back means Bayern have plenty of options.

In landing Lucas, who signed a contract extension with Atletico only last summer, alongside international teammate Benjamin Pavard (see below), the German side have secured their defence for the next decade. A great move, albeit an expensive one.

Atletico will gladly take the cash and use it to reinforce their side, but with Diego Godin already departing and right-back Juanfran turning down a new contract, one wonders if they will leave themselves open to defensive issues (and we've not even mentioned Antoine Griezmann's plan to move on).

FRENKIE DE JONG, €75m ($85.5m)
Ajax grade: B+
Barcelona grade: A

If Dortmund have found plenty of success buying cheap and selling big, Ajax are the blueprint to follow. The academy system brings through players at a young age, gives them first-team football and turns them into superstars. Frenkie de Jong has only made just over 50 appearances for Ajax but the 21-year-old holding midfielder cost Barcelona €75m -- money that Ajax will use to put back into the club and find the next player for the production line.

Announcing the deal in January was smart as the speculation was starting to impact player and club, so Ajax deserve props for that. But one wonders if they could have bagged even more money if they had waited for the summer when Man City, PSG and Real Madrid might have come in for him. Still, €75m is a fine amount and they got to keep him for the rest of the season to reach the Champions League semifinals (and oh-so-nearly the final) and win the Dutch Double.

For Barcelona, De Jong is the natural heir to Sergio Busquets. He will learn a lot in the next couple of years playing with Busquets and teammates, while his style is perfect for how Barca play.

CHRISTIAN PULISIC, €64m (£58m/$73m)
Dortmund grade: B
Chelsea grade: A+

OK, so technically Chelsea signed U.S. international Christian Pulisic in January, but by loaning him back to Dortmund for the rest of the season he's not been eligible to play for the Blues until July 1 . The much-coveted 20-year-old had been tracked by every top club in the world, but Chelsea moved to tie him down -- perhaps as a replacement for Eden Hazard --and it's a signing that safeguards the club's future as much as it improves their current squad.

Pulisic's combination of guile, creativity and skill make him one of the standout prospects in the world so for the Blues to land him for only €64m is a real coup.

Yes, Dortmund could have held out for more, they could have started a bidding war, but with only 18 months remaining on his contract when the deal was done, the German club knew they would be playing with fire. It's another star player sold, but as long as they keep snapping up gems like Jadon Sancho then they'll be fine.

LUKA JOVIC, €60m ($67.5m)
Frankfurt grade: A+
Real Madrid grade: A

The 21-year-old shot to prominence on loan at Frankfurt this season with 17 goals in the Bundesliga and 10 in 11 games in the Europa League to help the club to the semifinals. Frankfurt knew there was no chance they would be able to keep such a gem, so took advantage of a clause in his contract with Benfica to sign him on a permanent transfer for €7m.

A few months, and millions of euros of profit later, he moved to Real for around €60m.

Frankfurt did the best possible deal they could, while Real get themselves one of the hottest young strikers around to eventually replace Karim Benzema. Benfica (who aren't graded here due to the fact they no longer had a stake in the player) will be the ones kicking themselves -- as they only get 30 percent of the fee.

RODRYGO, €54m ($61.4m)
Santos grade: A+
Real Madrid grade: B

Having already spent €45m on young Brazilian attacker Vinicius Jr. back in 2017, Real Madrid agreed another monster deal in the summer of 2018 for a highly rated 18-year-old who had been linked with Barcelona.

Rodrygo certainly has the talent to succeed and, if you believe his teammate Vinicius, can be "a great, like Neymar or [Kylian] Mbappe." Real would probably settle for the forward having the same impact as Vinicius did though, after the winger made a real impression at the Bernabeu in the second half of 2018-19 season with his skill and speed.

At €54m, Real have gambled on youth but it's a gamble that could pay off. There was no chance a talent like Rodrygo was going to stay in Brazil and Santos, as they have done many times before, got the best deal they possibly could. Let's just hope there's no succession of court cases in a few years' time about who was owed what like we saw with Neymar to Barcelona.

EDER MILITAO, €50m ($56m)
FC Porto grade: A+
Real Madrid grade: C

At first glance, Real Madrid spending €50m on a 21-year-old centre-back might be deemed good business. A solid defender is hard to find, after all. But then you consider that Porto signed Eder Militao for €7m just last summer and that Sergio Ramos and Raphael Varane are two of the best centre-backs in world football, with Dani Carvajal and Alvaro Odriozola occupying the right-back slot, so he won't be playing regularly anytime soon.

In signing a six-year deal, there's no doubt that Eder has plenty of room to grow. But Real have wasted young talent before by keeping him on the bench, and it feels like this one is doomed to fail.

From Porto's perspective, a €43m profit inside eight months is incredible business. After a lucrative run in this season's Champions League, they can reinvest and move on quickly.

FERLAND MENDY, €48m ($54m)
Lyon grade: A
Real Madrid grade: B

Zinedine Zidane must have seen something he liked in Mendy to splash almost €50m on him despite having three left-backs already at the club. Real Madrid have shipped out Sergio Reguilon (on loan to Sevilla) and Theo Hernandez (AC Milan) to create space in the squad. Mendy and Marcelo will fight it out for a place in the starting XI.

Marcelo is a Zidane favourite, so it's possible that Mendy could spend a fair part of the season on the bench. But a deal for the 24-year-old does solve the issue over who will replace the Brazilian long-term.

Lyon will miss him, but got a very good fee and can use the cash to find a replacement.

MATEO KOVACIC, £40.3m (€44.7m/$50.5m)
Real Madrid grade: A
Chelsea grade: A+

You can't really give Chelsea anything less than an A+ for managing to sign one of Europe's finest young midfielders while under a transfer ban. The Blues held Kovacic's registration from his loan spell last season, which allowed them to circumvent FIFA's two-window ban and snap him up for a modest £40m.

Still only 25, Kovacic may not quite be "the new Luka Modric" just yet, but the Croatian has plenty of time to develop and is a solid addition.

Real needed the cash to balance some of the €300m they've already spent this summer and he won't be missed at the Bernabeu, so they did well to get a large fee for him.

MATS HUMMELS, €38m ($42.5m)
Bayern grade: A
Dortmund grade: C+

Hummels left Dortmund back in 2016 for a reported fee of €39m and now returns with three more Bundesliga titles in his pocket for only €1m less. The trouble is he's 30 and, while he's still a class act, Dortmund are overpaying and could limit the development of youngsters Manuel Akanji and Dan-Axel Zagadou by bringing him back into the fold.

In the past, signing a player from Bayern would have been seen as a coup -- but this deal doesn't weaken the champions and actually pays for half of their €80m outlay on the much younger and more dynamic Lucas Hernandez. Or the whole of the versatile Benjamin Pavard.

When Mario Gotze returned to Dortmund from Bayern in 2016, he was 24 and still had plenty of offer. Re-signing Hummels might be an emotional decision, it might serve them well for a year or two, but one can't help feel that Bayern have got the better of the deal once more.

JASPER CILLESSEN €35m ($40m)

Valencia grade: C
Barcelona grade: B-

Jasper Cillessen wanted out of Barcelona and they did well to get a big fee for him, while also moving for Valencia's goalkeeper Neto as his replacement.

Barcelona got the better of the deal as Cillessen is one year older and cost more money, but it's a close call.

Cillessen will be No. 1, while Neto will be sat on the bench, so it's a better move for the Dutchman personally.

BENJAMIN PAVARD, €35m ($40m)
Stuttgart grade: B
Bayern grade: B+

Bayern have been a bit of a mess at times this season, but Benjamin Pavard's performances for France in winning the World Cup last summer suggested that he can help them fix their issues. The 22-year-old can play at right-back or centre-back, so that versatility will be key for Bayern, while his release clause of €35m won't break the bank either.

If we're being completely honest, he's not the world-class addition that Bayern would shout from the rooftops but he's a solid addition with room to grow and he should play a big role in the next few years.

Clearly outgrowing Stuttgart, there was nothing much they could do to stop him leaving either, so it's a decent deal for them too.

RAUL JIMENEZ, £30m (€35m/$40m)
Benfica grade: C
Wolves grade: A

You have to hand it to Raul Jimenez, struggling since he left Liga MX in 2014, the Mexico international striker made the best of his loan move to Wolves and earned himself a permanent deal, which the club were only too happy to break their transfer record to make happen after he scored 13 Premier League goals -- the joint most by any Mexican player in one season (matching Javier Hernandez).

A year of failure at Atletico Madrid and three seasons at Benfica in which he failed to get into double figures in the goals department has not daunted him. At 27, the chance to play at the top wasn't going to come around again and his form this season at Wolves has been nothing short of sensational. Only promoted last season, Wolves are looking like a class act.

Benfica initially landed him from Atletico for just under €10m, bought out his rights for another €12m and can count a healthy profit from their endeavours. They will only wonder how they weren't able to get the best out of him as Wolves clearly have.

NETO, €26m ($29m)

Valencia grade: C
Barcelona grade: B-

As soon as Cillessen told Barca he wanted to move on, they had to find a replacement and managing to land one for less than they sold Cillessen for is good business.

Neto is a reliable goalkeeper but won't get much first-team action with Marc-Andre ter Stegen around and, at 29, it could be his last big move.

THORGAN HAZARD, £20m (€22m/$25m)
Gladbach grade: B
Dortmund grade: B+

The younger brother of Eden Hazard cost a lot less than his sibling! Thorgan has been living in the shadow of Eden for some time but now has a platform to showcase his real talents and Dortmund have got themselves a good deal (to go along with their capture of Julian Brandt from Leverkusen.)

His 46 goals and 44 assists in 182 appearances across all competitions for Gladbach prove that he is an attacking force and, at 26, he has plenty of time to develop.

For Gladbach, €25m will go a long way to rebuilding their team as they seek to improve on a fifth-placed finish this season. They could have held out for more money if it were not for the fact that Thorgan's contract was set to run out in 2020.

AARON RAMSEY, Free
Arsenal grade: F
Juventus grade: A-

Hard to see how this one could have been any worse for Arsenal. The club offered Ramsey a new deal and then pulled it out from underneath him, leaving the midfielder with no choice but to run down his deal and leave on a free transfer.

Juve moved quickly and have landed themselves a top player for nothing, but they had to make him a huge wage offer to do so and Gab Marcotti explains why this wasn't the smartest idea. Ramsey's box-to-box style should suit Maurizio Sarri, but when he signed up he thought he would be playing for Massimiliano Allegri.

ADRIEN RABIOT, Free
PSG grade: D+
Juventus grade: C+

Nobody came out of this six-month saga looking any good, really. PSG dropped Rabiot into the reserves once he made it clear that he wouldn't be signing a new contract and therefore missed a chance to get at least €20m for the France midfielder while he ran down his contract.

Juventus did what they always seem to do and snapped up a top player for nothing, but this one seemed like they just did it for the sake of it. Having landed Aaron Ramsey on a free transfer, and with Miralem Pjanic already in Turin, Rabiot may not find first-team chances any easier to come by. His poor attitude suggests he won't be the type of player to fit well into the Sarri way either.

Rabiot may prove to be a decent backup, but he won't want to be anything but a star and another messy exit could be on the cards in the coming years.

DIEGO GODIN, Free
Atletico Madrid grade: C+
Inter Milan grade: A

Allowing one of the world's best defenders to run out his contract is not great business by Atletico, even if they have already brought in replacements (see above).

The 33-year-old is not getting any younger, true, but he's still young enough to pen a three-year contract with Inter, who now have a rock at the back with plenty of experience to help instil Antonio Conte's defensive style on his new teammates.

This grade was pretty simple: Atletico's defence is worse without Godin, while Inter's has just got better.

play
1:42

How will Trippier fit into Atletico Madrid's rebuild?

Shaka Hislop says the challenge for full-back Keiran Trippier at new club Atletico Madrid will be keeping his defensive concentration in Deigo Simeone's system.

JUNE 29

AARON WAN-BISSAKA, £50m ($63.4m)
Crystal Palace grade: A+
Man United grade: B-

This is a tough one. On the one hand you have a 21-year-old defender who wasn't even a right-back two years ago, with only one good season behind him at Crystal Palace, costing one of the leading clubs in the country £50m. But then he does have the potential to lock down the United right-back slot for the next decade.

Ultimately, £50m just feels like too much of a gamble when there were other more experienced players around like PSG's Thomas Meunier. Wan-Bissaka could be a revelation in the same way that Trent Alexander-Arnold has been for Liverpool, but it's an incredible price to pay for one so young and inexperienced.

Palace did everything right -- they sold one of their best assets for a fee that could bring them in three new players. They negotiated hard, turning down United's lower offers with ridiculous clauses inserted about possible add-ons if they win the Champions League, and held out for the price they wanted.

JUNE 27

SEPP VAN DEN BERG, £1.3m (€1.4m/$1.6m)
PEC Zwolle grade: C
Liverpool grade: B

Van den Berg has been touted as one of the brightest talents in Dutch football and while the rest of Europe falls over to spend €75m on Matthijs de Ligt, Liverpool landed a 17-year-old with huge potential for a tiny fee.

Beating Bayern Munich and Ajax to his signature, the Reds will be pleased he can develop with the help of Virgil van Dijk. While fellow Netherlands under-19 international Ki-Jana Hoever is also tipped for big things and the pair could form the basis for Liverpool's defence for the next decade.

Zwolle could do little when Liverpool came calling and did well to include £3.1m in add-ons, based on his performances at Anfield. But they may wish they had help onto him for a bit longer to drive his price up.

JUNE 25

ANDRE GOMES, £22m (€25m/$28m)
Barcelona grade: B
Everton grade: B+

Everton did the old "try before you buy" as they had the Portugal midfielder on loan last season and he impressed enough for them to want to sign him on a permanent deal.

Given he joined Barcelona for €35m in 2016, the 25-year-old is a decent deal for Everton and they now know what he can do in the Premier League. They'll just expect him to do the same again.

Barcelona were happy to get anything for a player who has no future at Camp Nou and can reinvest the money into the rest of their squad. But ultimately they lost money on this deal.

JUNE 12

DANIEL JAMES, £15m ($19m)
Swansea grade: B
Man United grade: B

James is only 21, so a sign of how Manchester United are looking to buy this summer under Ole Gunnar Solskjaer. For an initial fee of around £15m, potentially rising to £22m, it's a bargain for a player who has plenty of room to grow. However, it's also a gamble given he's never played in the Premier League before and has only one full season in the Championship under his belt.

It's not a signing that is going to immediately put United back in contention for the title, but it's one that can get them back on the right road.

Swansea could have let James join Leeds for £8.5m in January, but held out and his price has doubled. Could they have held out even longer and pushed the price up even more? Perhaps... but it's still a decent deal for them.